Flash X-ray Systems
Flash X-ray solutions for ballistics, hypervelocity impact testing,
detonics (ordnance velocity & explosives research) and more.
Model SCF 300 Flash X-ray System
A. Pulser, B. X-ray tube & C. 19″ Rack mounted control tower featuring one PDU 4 power distribution unit, four FXRC 4 Flash X-ray channel controllers & one SU 8 – an 8-channel Ethernet switch
See through the toughest of conditions.
Scandiflash Flash X-ray (FXR) Systems are valuable solutions to see through fire, smoke, metal and other materials during ballistics, hypervelocity impact testing, detonics (ordnance velocity & explosives research), and more, using short, intense X-ray pulses for high-speed and ultra high-speed imaging. Exposure times ranging from 20–35 nanoseconds and 1 mm focal spot sizes produce extremely sharp radiographs for analysis. Scandiflash FXR systems feature a wide voltage range and the option of using soft X-rays for optimal penetration and contrast for most applications.
Scandiflash Mobile FXR Lab Solutions are ideal mobile Flash X-ray solutions when testing in the field. A complete FXR system is packaged in a 20′ ISO container for easy transport and setup at remote testing sites. The FXR system is factory installed in a reinforced, insulated and heated container. Everything needed for the system – pulsers, X-ray tubes, control tower, cables and more are securely stored within the container during transport and storage.
Contact us for more information about Scandiflash Flash X-ray solutions or customizing a Flash X-ray system tailored to your unique requirements.
Flash X-ray Radiographs Can’t Be Wrong
download the Scandiflash Flash X-ray Systems datasheet PDF
Scandiflash FXR Systems
Specifications current as of September 2021 and are subject to change.
Scandiflash FXR Systems cover a wide voltage range, from 75kV to 1,200kV and include all the necessary gear you need to get the job done right.
|Output Voltage||75–150 kV||100–300 kV||200–450 kV||240–480 kV||500–1,200 kV|
|Output Peak Current||2kA||10kA||10kA||10kA||10kA|
|Dose per Pulse @ 1 m||1.6mR||9mR||20mR||25mR||65mR|
|Penetration of Steel
@ 2.5 m*
|3 mm||18 mm||30 mm||34 mm||60 mm|
|Source Size**||1 mm||1 mm||1 mm||2.5 mm||2.5 mm|
|Dual Tube Option||–||Yes||Yes||Yes||–|
* Scandiflash G Fast intensifying screens and Kodak T-MAT H film (0.7 gross film density). FXR Systems 150, 300, 450 & 450S feature a 5 m pulser to X-ray tube coaxial cable. Scandiflash FXR System 1200 features tube in pulser.
** Source size may be varied by different anodes. Given values are typical.
Scandiflash FXR System Components
everything you need to get the job done right
Scandiflash FXR Systems use pulsers (high-voltage pulse generators) to generate high-intensity X-ray bursts (pulses) for radiography. Scandiflash pulsers are modified Marx surge generators – voltage multiplication is accomplished by charging capacitors in parallel and discharging them in series with spark gaps.
Grounded metal tanks are used to house pulser components – capacitors, spark gap switches and charging network. Pulser tanks are precision-built and pressurized to improve insulation and control over spark gap switch breakdown voltage. The exceptional shielding properties of Scandiflash’s tanks, combined with the coaxial nature of capacitor discharge, lead to unusually low external radiofrequency (RF) electromagnetic radiation levels.
Scandiflash PG 150 Pulser
Dimensions (øH) & Weight:
11.67 x 22.28 in (29.65 x 56.6 cm)
115 lb (52 kg)
Scandiflash PG 300, 450 & 450S Pulsers
Dimensions (øH) & Weight:
35.24 x 54 in (89.5 x 137.35 cm)
PG 300: 882 lb (400 kg)
PG 450: 915 lb (415 kg)
PG 450s: 926 lb (420 kg)
Scandiflash PG 1200 Pulser
38.58 x 57.87 in (98 x 147 cm)
Flash X-ray Tubes
Scandiflash FXR Systems feature cold cathode X-ray tubes with a robust design and small focal spot size – creating the ideal X-ray tubes for recording radiographs of ballistics and hypervelocity impact testing. X-ray tubes XT 150 through XT 450S are self-contained (a separate tube head is not needed for remote operation) and connected to pulsers with a flexible high-voltage coaxial cable. Pulser model PG 1200 features an X-ray tube connected directly to the pulser output.
Each X-ray tube has been designed to be user serviceable – consumable parts can be replaced on site at a fraction of the cost of a new tube to keep your research going strong and within budget.
The same tube can be used for both single and dual tube operation. For applications where low energy radiation is essential for improving contrast, an optional soft X-ray adapter (a thin plastic screen fitted to the tube) may be used for transmitting radiation as low as a few keV.
Focal Spot Size & Radiographs
Focal spot size plays an important role in the quality of radiographs – smaller focal spot sizes, produce sharper radiographs.
Flash X-ray tubes may be used with a 1 mm focal spot size resulting in sharp radiographs, even at short source to object distances.
XT 450, 300 & 150 Straight X-ray Tube Emitters
Dimensions (øHL) & Weight:
XT 150: 3 x 5.7 x 12.72 in (7.61 x 14.4 x 32.3 cm)
8.82 lb (4 kg)
XT 300 & 450: 5 x 8.9 x 21.25 in (12.9 x 22.55 x 53.98 cm)
26.45 lb (12 kg)
XT 150R, 300R & 450R Right Angle X-ray Tube Emitters
Dimensions (øHL) & Weight:
XT 150R: 3 x 6.95 x 12.72 in (7.61 x 17.6 x 32.3 cm)
XT 300R & 450R: 5 x 10.25 x 21.25 in (12.9 x 26 x 53.98 cm)
Control Tower & System
A computerized control system is used for Scandiflash FXR Systems. The electronics units are microprocessor controlled and connected to a laptop/desktop computer via Ethernet. All operating parameters can be set and read using a laptop/desktop computer. Where safety reasons or facility layout call for remote control, the system can be operated from long distance via fiber optic cable.
Power Distribution Unit – PDU 4
The PDU 4 contains a high-voltage power supply and is controlled by the FXRC 4 unit.
Flash X-ray Channel Control Unit – FXRC 4
Each system channel has a Flash X-ray channel control unit featuring the following functions:
- delay generator – range 0–999.999 ms in 1µs increments with two trigger modes (contact closure & pulse)
- time interval meter – 0.05µs time resolution
- dry air pressure control – for insulating high-voltage pulser modules
- dielectric gas pressure control – for insulating high-voltage cable connectors
- ion pump power supply (protection circuit included)
- system monitoring unit – monitors pulse in each channel and may be sourced from up to six check points in the FXR System: 1. Trigger input to delay generator, 2. Delay generator output, 3. Trigger amplifier output, 4. Pulser output, 5. Pulser to tube cable output, and 6. X-ray tube output (optional)
Switch Unit – SU 8
The SU 8 is an 8-channel Ethernet switch that handles communication between computer and FXRC 4 units. Featuring a built-in Ethernet to fiber optic modem to use fiber optic cable for long distance operation.
Control Tower 34HU with four channels & laptop computer
Cabinet Dimensions (HWD): 67.5 x 24 x 24 in
(171.5 x 60 x 60 cm)
ScandiControl* by Scandiflash
ScandiControl is software developed for the operation and control of Scandiflash FXR systems. ScandiControl gives you full remote control of all settings and operational parameters while handling up to eight channels of your FXR system.
ScandiControl has four user modes:
ScandiControl config: used to configure system hardware at the factory before shipping. This mode allows the user to extend the FXR system by adding or removing components.
ScandiControl User: standard mode for taking radiographs
Test Mode User: for system operation with resistive loads
Scandiflash: allows Scandiflash personnel to log into your computer and run ScandiControl for diagnostic purposes
* ScandiControl is the property of Scandiflash and does not require a third party license.
Multi-Anode Flash X-ray Tubes
Multi-anode Flash X-ray tubes are used when closely spaced X-ray sources are needed to minimize parallax. Radiation from the tube is directed onto a scintillator (fluorescent) screen placed behind the subject. The scintillator screen converts the radiation into visible light and produces images on the rear side which can be intensified and captured with a high-speed or ultra high-speed camera.
A. Multi-Anode Flash X-ray Tube
B. Target C. Projectile D. Gun E. Scintillator Screen
F. Intensifier G. High-Speed/Ultra High-Speed Camera
Target penetration studies with multi-anode Flash X-ray tube: transparent armor & projectile, 7.62 x 51 mm AP steel core @ 850m/s conventional transparent armor without ceramic front. No erosion and deformation of steel core. Illustration & image courtesy Fraunhofer EMI.
Scandiflash XT 300-4C Multi-Anode Flash X-ray Tube & Schematic
Dimensions (HWD): 37.95 x 19.09 x 23.62 in
(96.4 x 48.5 x 60 cm)
Scandiflash FXR Support Equipment
maintaining your FXR System for optimal results
Every Scandiflash Flash X-ray System includes a complete set of tools for routine maintenance & service.
Roughing Pump System (RPS)
Scandiflash X-ray tubes are easy to maintain and can be efficiently serviced on site to get the most of your research. An integrated ion pump is supplied with every X-ray tube – the RPS uses a turbo molecular pump to evacuate X-ray tubes and reset the ion pump pressure for your next exposure. Two RPS models are available – RPS 30M for pumping a single X-ray tube and RPS 30M-4 for simultaneously pumping up to four X-ray tubes.
Scandiflash RPS 30M Schematic
Dimensions (HWD): 34.05 x 22.32 x 19.40 in
(86.5 x 56.7 x 49.3 cm)
Scandiflash RPS 30M-4 Schematic
Dimensions (HWD): 39.56 x 19.88 x 32.68 in
(100.5 x 50.5 x 83 cm)
Scandiflash CAD 70
Dimensions (HWD): 31.89 x 24.80 x 26.77 in
(81 x 63 x 68 cm)
Scandiflash CAD 70 System
Eco-friendly compressed dry air is used in Scandiflash FXR Systems instead of SF6 (Sulphur hexaflouride, a toxic potent greenhouse gas) to improve insulation of high-voltage pulsers & X-ray tube cables, protection from environmental conditions and to control the breakdown voltage of fixed spark gap switches inside the pulsers.
Scandiflash CAD 70 compressed air drying system has been meticulously designed and includes a compressor, cooler, adsorption dryer & storage tank to produce high-quality compressed dry air on-demand for optimal research results with your Scandiflash FXR System.
NOTE: Compressed dry air obtained from local gas suppliers must be dust & moisture free for reliable and stable FXR system operation.